Arlington officers stated that the boy had been hospitalized with major amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) – a uncommon and sometimes deadly an infection attributable to the naegleria fowleri amoeba – earlier than his demise on Sept. 11.
The amoeba is largely found in freshwater located in southern states, together with heat our bodies of freshwater, geothermal water, heat water discharge, poorly maintained swimming swimming pools, water heaters, soil and geothermal ingesting water sources.
Naegleria fowleri will not be present in saltwater and grows greatest at greater temperatures as much as 115 levels Fahrenheit.
Individuals can’t be contaminated from ingesting water containing the amoeba and infections solely happen when water containing naegleria fowleri enters the physique by the nostril after which travels to the mind.
Infections sometimes happen when individuals go swimming or diving in heat, freshwater locations, although naegleria infections can also happen when contaminated water from other sources enters the nostril and when individuals irrigate their sinuses utilizing contaminated faucet water.
Occurring primarily in the course of the summer time months of July, August and September, infections are uncommon.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 34 infections have been reported within the U.S. from 2010 to 2019. Thirty of the 34 have been contaminated by leisure water.
As soon as the amoeba enters the nostril, it causes PAM within the mind, which is normally deadly and results in the destruction of mind tissue.
Signs start about 5 days after an infection and embrace headache, fever, nausea or vomiting.
Later signs can embrace a stiff neck, confusion, lack of consideration to individuals and environment, lack of steadiness, seizures and hallucinations.
After signs begin, the illness causes demise inside about 5 days.
The fatality fee is over 97% and solely 4 individuals out of 148 identified contaminated people within the U.S. from 1962 to 2019 have survived.
Russ Jones, the chief epidemiologist for the Tarrant County Public Well being Division, told The Dallas Morning News on Tuesday that submerging one’s head underneath freshwater can enhance the danger of contracting naegleria fowleri.
Holding one’s nostril whereas underwater can lower that threat, he stated.